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Muslimtrade Network members
about Mozambique.

M  O  Z  A  M  B  I  Q  U  E 


1. GENERAL PRESENTATION:   
1.1 General characteristics
1.2. General Information
1.3 Legal framework of trade relations


2. TRADE STRUCTURE:  
2.1 Main imported and exported products (1995)
2.2 Trading partners (1996)


3. FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS:  
3.1 Imports regulations
3.2 Exports regulations
3.3 Other formalities and documents


4. FINANCIAL REGULATIONS OF FOREIGN TRADE OPERATIONS  
4.1. Banking system
4.2 Foreign exchange system
4.3 Methods and means for international settlement


5. CUSTOMS TAXATION:  
5.1 Applicable duties and taxes
5.2 Special provisions


6. FOREIGN TRADE LOGISTIC:  
6.1 International transports
6.2 Telecommunications
6.3 Distribution system

  
7. USEFUL ADDRESSES

1. GENERAL PRESENTATION: 

1.1 General characteristics:

Official name Republic of Mozambique
Surface 801590 square kilometers.
Population 18.10 millions inhabitants (1996).
Density 22 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Capital  Maputo.
Climate The climate varies according to areas. As a matter of fact, the climate is colder inside than in the coastal areas. Rains are heavy between January and March. Dry and damp seasons last from October until March. The hot season lasts from April until September.
Main holidays January 1st, February 3rd, and April 7th, May 1st, June 25th (Independence), September 7th, September 25th, December 25th, Eid Al Fitr*, Eid Al Adha*, and other Muslim feasts.
Weekly day off Saturday afternoon-Sunday

* Variable dates

1.2. General Information

Language Portuguese is the official language
Currency Mozambique Metrical (MT). 1 US$ = 11,377 MT (1996).
Local time GMT + 2.
Working hours 
Business : Monday – Friday: From 7H30 to 12H and from 14H to 18H / Saturday: From 8H to 18H30 

- Government offices: Monday to Friday: From 7H30 to 12H and from 14H to 17H30 / Saturday: From 8H to 13H30 

- Banks: Monday-Saturday: From 7H45 to 11H15 

- Shops: Monday - Saturday: From 8H to 12H30 and from 14H to 18H

1.3 Legal framework of trade relations:

Mozambique is member of the following international organizations:

World Trade Organization (W.T.O) and its specialized organizations; 

United Nations Organization (UN) and its main specialized institutions; 

Organization of the Islamic Conference (O.I.C) and its specialized organs and affiliated institutions; 

Organization of African Unity (OAU); 

Common Market for East and South Africa (COMESA); 

Southern Africa Development Committee (SADC).

Mozambique signed co-operation agreements with COMESA and SADC countries and with other trading partners.

2. TRADE STRUCTURE: 

2.1 Main imported and exported products (1995):

Main Imported products

Main Exported products

Foodstuffs

Crustaceans

Textiles

Apple mahogany

Agricultural equipment

Cotton

Oil

Sugar

 

Copra

 

Citrus fruit

2.2 Trading partners (1996):

Main suppliers

Main customers

South Africa

Spain 

Zimbabwe

South Africa 

Saudi Arabia 

Portugal 

Portugal

United States of America

United Arab Emirates 

Japan 

India

Italy


3. FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS: 

3.1 Imports regulations:

Imports exceeding a value of $ 500 require an import license (boletim de registro de importacao or BRI). The license indicates the place of embarkation or disembarkation of goods, the country of origin, the amount and currency of payment, and the source of financing. Narcotics import is forbidden, arms imports require a license delivered by local authorities.

At import level the following documents are required:

Commercial invoice 

Two copies of the commercial invoice in Portuguese or English and are required containing a specific description of goods, their nature, quantities, value per unit, total value, identifying marks and numbers, weight of each type of goods, total weight and FOB value and costs, the country of origin, a statement certifying that the mentioned particulars and expenses are true and correct. A responsible member of the firm must sign the statement. 

Certificate of origin:  

A certificate of origin usually is not required unless requested by the importer or letter of credit. In this case two copies should be prepared on a general form and certified by a recognized chamber of commerce.

Bill of lading 

A bill of lading must show the name of shipper, name and address of the consignee, port of destination, description of the goods, listing of the freight, and other charges, number of bills of lading in full set, and date and signature of the carrier’s official. These information must correspond to those shown on the invoices and packages. The airway bill replaces the bill of lading on air cargo shipments. It must show the country of origin.

Packing list 

the packing list is not legally required but it is recommended.

Pro forma invoice 

three copies of the pro forma invoice are required by the importer to make an application for the import license. A local chamber of commerce must certify one copy.

3.2 Exports regulations:

In compliance with the Export regulations of Mozambique, the following documents must be produced: 

Sanitary certificate 

plants, seeds and animals and animal products require a sanitary certificate and are subject to inspection at the port of entry.

Certificate of fumigation 

A certificate of fumigation is required for used clothing import

Certificate of sterilization:  

a certificate of sterilization must cover Straw used for packing. 

3.3 Other formalities and documents: 

Labeling:  

Labels must indicate the descriptive name of the product, the list of ingredients including food additives, the weight, the name, address, and telephone number of the manufacturer or distributor, net weight or volume in metric units and instructions for storage and use. The labeling of pharmaceutical products must show the composition of the product. The labeling of food products and canned food must indicate the net and gross weight, country of origin, name and address of the manufacturer, contents, grade and brand name.

Marking:  

The consignee’s mark with port mark should be inscribed on the package to facilitate arrival of the shipment. Packages should be numbered legibly.

Packing:  

Goods should be packed to withstand high humidity and pilferage.

4. FINANCIAL REGULATIONS OF FOREIGN TRADE OPERATIONS: 

4. . Banking system:

In 1995 the Mozambique’s banks were the following: Banco de Moçambique (Banque Centrale), Banco comercial de Moçambique, Bancode Femento e Exterior SA, Banco international de Moçambique, Banco Popular de Desenvolvimento, Banco Portugues do Antlatico, Babnco Standard Totta deMoçambique SARL, Credtcoop-Cooperativa de credito e invsetimento SARL at Equator Bank Ltd.

4.2 Foreign exchange system:

Preshipment inspection is carried out for imports whose value is US$ 2,500 FOB or above. Goods are subject to a compulsory customs analysis, quality and quantity inspection and price verification before their shipment to Mozambique.

The import or Export of local currency is forbidden. Foreign currency import is authorized subject to declaration while its Export is limited to the amount declared on import.

4.3 Methods and means for international settlement:

The letter of credit is used for imports payment which must be made in the local currency of partner countries. 

5. CUSTOMS TAXATION: 

The customs tariff is based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System

5.1 Applicable duties and taxes:

Customs duties:  

Customs duties are assessed according to the industrialization degree of products and range between 5 to 35% (machinery 5% and capital goods between 5 and 35 percent).

Ad valorem duties 

Ad valorem duties are assessed on the original cost of the goods plus freight, commissions, and all other charges resulting from the sale and delivery of goods to the port of entry, i.e., the CIF value.

Preferential duties 

preferential duties apply to goods originating in Portugal or Portuguese territories, in the SADC member countries ( South Africa, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Maurice, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe), in countries signatory to of Lome Convention, Africa Caribbean and Pacific (ACP), in the European Union and the COMESA countries (Angola, Burundi, Comoro Islands, Djibouti, Urethra, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Maurice, Mozambique, Namibia, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe).

Customs surcharges and indirect taxes 

There is a customs handling fee of about 2.5% of the CIF value applied to all imports. Imported goods are subject to a turnover tax of 5%, consumption tax ranges between 20 and 150%. The major part of food products are subject to the 20% rate as well as leather products, plastics wooden and paper products, and most products made of iron, steel and aluminum. Textiles are assessed at 30%, toys and games, watches and electrical appliances at 45%, alcoholic beverages, perfumes, jewelry, motorcycles, binoculars and eyeglass frames at 75%, cigarettes at 150%, cars 20 to 100% depending upon the value in meticals.

5.2 Special provisions:

Oil imports are exempted from the turnover tax and from consumption tax.

6. FOREIGN TRADE LOGISTIC: 

6.1 International transports:

Maritime transports:  

The main ports are located in Maputo, Beira, Nacala and Quelimane. Cargo vessels from Britain and other European countries, the United States of America, Japan, and South Africa call at Maputo and Beira. 

Air transports:  

Mozambique’s National Airlines is LAM-Linhas Aereas de Mozambique (TM). International airports are: Maputo international airport (MPM) or Malvane is 8 km north of the city and the Beira international airport 5BEN) is 13 km from Beira. 

Land transports 

Railways: there is a train six times a week from Johannesburg to the Mozambique border at Komatiport and then to Maputo. There are connections from Malawi to Beira and Nacala. In 1995, the railway network was 3,150km long. 

Road: There are good links with all neighbouring countries except Tanzania. In 1995, the road network was 29,810 long.

6.2 Telecommunications:

Automatic telephone, telex and mail services are available in Mozambique. A communication network links Mozambique to South Africa There are also connected telex services in Maputo and Beira. In 1994, the number of telephone lines reached 57,200. 

6.3 Distribution system: 

There are three primary sale regions in the country: north, central and south. About 80% of imported merchandise is consumes in Maputo, Beira and Nampula. Both Maputo and Beira are provided ports but Nampula uses the port of Nacala.

Wholesalers who distribute goods regionally to individual retailers ensure distribution.

Joint ventures and branch offices may also be used to enter the Mozambican market.

7. USEFUL ADDRESSES: 

ORGANIZATIONS AND PUBLIC ESTABLISHMENTS 

ADDRESSES

TEL/TELEX/FAX

Ministéro da Industria, Comércio e Turismo Plaça 25 de Junio Caixa Postal 1831 Maputo Tel : (2581) 426091 

Télex : 6374 micex mo 

Fax : (2581) 421305
Instituto para a Promoçâo de Exportaçôes Av. 25 de Setembro No. 1008 Caixa Postal4487 Maputo Tel : (2581) 424352 

Fax : (2581) 424386
Câmara do Comércio de Moçambique  Rua Mateus Sansâo Mutemba 452 Caixa Postal 1836 Maputo Tel : (2581) 491970 

Télex : 6498 cacom mo 

Fax : (2581) 492210
Centro de Promoçâo de Investimentos  Caixa Postal 4635 Maputo Tel : (2581) 422456 

Télex : 6876 

Fax : (2581) 422459 



 
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